A Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP) is a highly trained professional who evaluates and treats children who have communication impairments.
Speech Disorders can include:
• Articulation - The way we say speech sounds
• Phonology - The speech patterns we use
• Apraxia - Difficulty planning and coordinating the movements needed to make speech sounds
• Fluency - Suttering
• Voice - problems with the way the voice sounds
Language Disorders can include:
• Receptive Language - Difficulty understanding language
• Expressive Language - Difficulty using language
• Pragmatic Language - Social communication
In school based settings, the Speech-Language Pathologist helps students in a variety of ways including:
• Prevention — Speech-Language Pathologists are part of the team developed to prevent academic failure. The SLP may be involved in Response to Intervention (RTI).
• Assessment — Speech-Language Pathologists conduct assessments to identify students with communication disorders (i.e. expressive language, receptive language, pragmatic language, articulation, phonological, fluency, and voice disorders). Results of assessment are used as a guide to instruction and intervention, to help students within the general education classroom.
• Intervention — Speech-Language Pathologists provide intervention that is individualized to meet the unique learning needs of each student. Treatment methods are selected via evidence-based decision-making process.
• Data Collection and Analysis — Speech-Language Pathologists gather data as a means of assessing student performance.
• Compliance – Speech-Language Pathologists are responsible for meeting federal and state mandates including Individualized Education Program (IEP) development, Medicaid billing, report writing, and data collection.
• With Other School Professionals — Speech-Language Pathologists work collaboratively with General Education Teachers, Special Education Teachers, Social Workers, Psychologists, Reading Specialists, Occupational Therapists, and Physical Therapists.